Black Armed Resistance

Links to books about black armed resistance in freedom movements:

Negroes with Guns (1962) Robert F. Williams

We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance in the Mississippi Freedom Movement (2013) Akinyele Omowale Umoja

Negroes and the Gun: The Black Tradition of Arms (2014) Nicholas Johnson

This Nonviolent Stuff’ll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible (2014) Charles E. Cobb, Jr.

The Deacons for Defense: Armed Resistance and the Civil Rights Movement (2004) Lance Hill

The Deacons for Defense and Justice: Defenders of the African American Community in Bogalusa, Louisiana  (2000) L. LaSimba M. Gray Jr.

Bonus link: “Kurdish Women’s Radical Self-Defense: Armed and Political”

Robespierre on Property

“The first social law is therefore the one that guarantees all members of society the means to live; all others are subordinate to that one; property was only instituted and guaranteed to cement it.  It is in order to live that we have property in the first case. It is not true that property can ever be in opposition with men’s subsistence.

“The aliments necessary to man are as sacred as life itself.  Everything essential to conserve life is property common to the whole of society.  Only the surplus can be individual property and left subject to the enterprise of merchants.  Any mercantile speculation that I make at the cost of the life of my like is not a traffic, but brigandage and fratricide.”

Maximillien Robespierre “The Incorruptible”, December 2, 1792.